Birth Control and Oral Health: What Women Need To Know

Oral health is an essential aspect of overall health, and women’s oral health is particularly important because hormonal changes throughout their lives can affect their oral health. One of these hormonal changes is the use of birth control. Birth control is a common contraceptive method used by millions of women worldwide. However, the use of birth control can impact oral health in several ways. In this article, we will discuss the relationship between birth control and oral health and what women need to know to maintain good oral health.

Effects of Birth Control on Oral Health

Increased Risk of Gum Disease

One of the most common effects of birth control on oral health is an increased risk of gum disease. Hormonal changes caused by birth control can cause the gums to become inflamed, leading to gingivitis or periodontitis. This is because birth control can affect the body’s immune response, making it harder to fight off bacterial infections in the mouth.

Dry Mouth

Birth control can also cause dry mouth, which is a condition that occurs when there is not enough saliva in the mouth so you may think how to get invisalign? Saliva helps to protect the teeth and gums by neutralizing acids produced by bacteria in the mouth. When there is not enough saliva, the risk of tooth decay and gum disease increases.

Oral Contraceptives and Pregnancy

Oral contraceptives can also affect oral health during pregnancy. When a woman takes birth control pills, she is exposed to a combination of estrogen and progestin. These hormones can interfere with the absorption of calcium, which is essential for the development of the baby’s teeth and bones. This can lead to a higher risk of cavities in the baby’s teeth.

Oral Health and Menstruation

Hormonal changes during menstruation can also affect oral health. Women may experience swollen or bleeding gums, canker sores, or dry mouth during their menstrual cycle. These symptoms can be exacerbated by the use of birth control.

Preventing Oral Health Issues from Birth Control

Maintain Good Oral Hygiene

One of the best ways to prevent oral health issues caused by birth control is to maintain good oral hygiene. Brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and flossing daily can help to remove plaque and bacteria from the mouth, reducing the risk of gum disease and tooth decay.

Regular Dental Check-Ups

Regular dental check-ups are also essential to maintain good oral health. Dentists can detect and treat oral health issues before they become more severe. Women who use birth control should inform their dentist about their contraceptive use so that the dentist can monitor their oral health more closely.

Eat a Healthy Diet

Eating a healthy diet that is low in sugar and high in nutrients can also help to prevent oral health issues caused by birth control. Consuming sugary foods and drinks can increase the risk of tooth decay, while eating a diet rich in calcium, vitamin D, and other nutrients can help to strengthen the teeth and bones.

Speak with Your Healthcare Provider

Women who use birth control should speak with their healthcare provider about the potential effects of birth control on their oral health. They may recommend using a different type of birth control or adjusting the dosage to minimize the risk of oral health issues.


In conclusion, birth control can affect oral health in several ways, including an increased risk of gum disease, dry mouth, and interference with the absorption of calcium during pregnancy. However, women can take steps to prevent oral health issues caused by birth control by maintaining good oral hygiene, regular dental check-ups, eating a healthy diet, and speaking with their healthcare provider. By taking these steps, women can maintain good oral health and overall health throughout their lives.